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Family Relationships In English & Names Of Family Members


family members

Family Members Chart in English

Male Female Relationship
father mother parent
son daughter child
husband wife spouse
brother sister sibling
grandfather grandmother grandparents
grandson granddaughter grandchild
uncle aunt parent’s sibling
nephew niece sibling’s child
cousin cousin aunt’s/uncle’s child

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Basic Family Members

father – somebody’s male parent

mother – somebody’s female parent

parent – somebody’s father or mother

son – somebody’s male child

daughter – somebody’s female child

husband – the man who a woman is married to

wife – the woman who a man is married to

spouse – somebody married to another person; husband or wife

brother – a boy or man who has the same parents as another person

sister – a girl or woman who has the same parents as another person

sibling – a brother or sister

elder brother/sister – a brother/sister who is older than you

younger brother/sister – brother/sister who is younger than you

grandfather – somebody’s parent’s father

grandmother – somebody’s parent’s mother

grandparent – somebody’s parent’s parent

great grandfather – a father of your grandparent

Family Members Translation

English father mother parents
Spanish padre madre padres
French père mère parents
Italian padre madre genitori
German Vater Mutter Eltern
Portuguese pai mãe pais
Russian папа мама родители
Chinese 母亲 父母
Japanese おとうさん おや
Polish ojciec matka rodzice
English son daughter children
Spanish hijo hija niños
French fils fille enfants
Italian figlio figlia bambini
German Sohn Tochter Kinder
Portuguese filho filha crianças
Russian сын дочь дети
Chinese 儿子 女儿 孩子
Japanese 御子息 お嬢さん こどもたち
Polish syn córka dzieci
English husband wife spouse
Spanish marido esposa cónyuge
French mari épouse conjoint
Italian marito moglie coniuge
German Ehemann Frau Ehepartner
Portuguese marido esposa cônjuge
Russian муж жена супруг
Chinese 丈夫 妻子 配偶
Japanese 旦那 奥様 配偶者
Polish mąż żona współmałżonek
English brother sister
Spanish hermano hermana
French frère sœur
Italian fratello sorella
German Bruder Schwester
Portuguese irmão irmã
Russian брат сестра
Chinese 兄弟 姐姐
Japanese お兄さん 姉妹
Polish brat siostra

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great grandmother – a mother of your grandparent

grandson – somebody’s son’s or daughter’s son

granddaughter – somebody’s son’s or daughter’s daughter

grandchild – somebody’s son’s or daughter’s child

uncle – somebody’s mother’s or father’s brother; your aunt’s husband

aunt – somebody’s mother’s or father’s sister; your uncle’s wife

nephew – somebody’s brother’s or sister’s son; your husband’s or wife’s brother’s or sister’s son

niece – somebody’s brother’s or sister’s daughter; your husband’s or wife’s brother’s or sister’s daughter

cousin – somebody’s parent’s brother’s or sister’s child; somebody’s aunt’s or uncle’s child

stepfather – your mother’s husband (not your real father)

stepmother – your father’s wife (not your real mother)

stepbrother – your stepfather’s or stepmother’s son (at least one of your parents is different)

stepsister – your stepfather’s or stepmother’s daughter (at least one of your parents is different)

stepson – your spouse’s son (from an earlier marriage)

stepdaughter – your spouse’s daughter (from an earlier marriage)

father-in-law – your spouse’s father

mother-in-law – your spouse’s mother

brother-in-law – your spouse’s brother

sister-in-law – your spouse’s sister

son-in-law – your daughter’s husband

daughter-in-law – your son’s wife

boyfriend – a boy or man that a girl or woman goes out with

girlfriend – a girl or woman that a boy or man goes out with

widow – a woman whose husband has died

widower – a man whose wife has died

bachelor – a man who has never been married

spinster – a woman who has never been married

single – a person who isn’t married and doesn’t have a boyfriend/girlfriend

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12 Words and Phrases with Examples

1. baby – a very young child

  • I always do some housework when the baby is sleeping in the afternoon.

2. infant – a baby or very young child, newborn child

  • My sister is 14 years old, but sometimes she acts like an infant.

3. toddler – a young child who has just learnt to walk

  • Toddlers can walk, but they don’t always talk yet.

4. marriage – legal relationship between a husband and wife

  • She only has a stepdaughter from her husband’s first marriage, but she likes her as her own.

5. marry (sb), get married to sb – become somebody’s husband or wife

  • My father was 29 and my mother was 25 when they got married.

6. go out (with sb) – spend time with somebody and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them

  • My parents had been going out for two years before they got married.
  • My mother doesn’t like that I go out with Tom; she says he’s too old for me.

7. get engaged – agree to marry somebody

  • Imagine, my sister has just got engaged to a footballer, they’re planning to get married in the summer.

8. wedding – the act of marrying, a marriage ceremony (and the meal or party that usually follows it)

9. bride – a woman on her wedding day, or just before or just after it

10. (bride) groom – a man on his wedding day, or just before or just after it

  • The prince’s wedding ceremony will take place in the cathedral. Then the bride and the groom will be taken to the wedding reception in an open Rolls Royce.

11. honeymoon – a holiday taken by a couple who have just got married

We couldn’t go to the Bahamas on honeymoon, but we felt sitting on the top of the world even in a campsite at the local lake.

12. divorce – the legal ending of a marriage; end your marriage legally

  • Unfortunately, very many marriages end in a divorce in our country.
  • She divorced her husband immediately when she learned he had a secret girlfriend.
  • My friend and his wife got divorced at last, after long years of quarrel and disagreement.

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